Scientists for Kids: The Key Facts About Science

May 11, 2021

Everyone loves science. It’s the best way to find out how the world works and how we fit into it.

But while science is fascinating, it can be hard to wrap your head around.

So, as a parent or teacher, you want to get your kids interested in the subject. You want them to see the wonder, excitement, and curiosity of science, but you also want them to learn the facts.

Science has always been a fascinating subject for both the young and old. Be it the facts about the moon, the human body, or the depths of outer space, scientific discoveries have helped our journey a more exciting and knowledgeable experience.

In this post, we’ll answer the questions you have about scientists for kids. We’ll talk about the key facts that you should know about to get started.

What is Science?

Science is nothing but observing nature and the world. It’s all about knowing and observing how things behave.

In other words, it is a subject that helps you pursue the true answers to questions about the fundamental laws through research and observation.

Why Learn Science?

Science influences our lives and our understanding of the world. It encourages creativity, develops analytical thinking, improves communication skills, creates the desire to learn, and enhances our perspective in all.

What Does a Scientist Do?

A scientist is an individual who consistently makes efforts and experiments to have a better understanding of the things unknown to humankind. They make hypotheses with science experiments to conclude their thoughts over a discovery.

Whenever a scientist looks for something, he thinks, makes certain deductions, and follows what to do next.

The Greatest Scientists for Kids

Cambridge Hall of Fame featuring Sir Isaac Newton (centre) in Cambridge University

Archimedes: (c.287 - 212BCE)

Archimedes was one of the greatest mathematicians during his time. He was an ancient Greek mathematician and inventor. 

He lived in Sicily, where he wrote many vital formulae related to mathematics. He was the very first person to understand statics and how it applies to mathematics. 

Archimedes was honored by scientists for his exceptional contribution to science and mathematics. 

Nicolaus Copernicus: (1473 - 1543)

Copernicus is renowned as one of the best astronomers and mathematicians who lived in the Renaissance period. He is renowned for what he contributed to the works of astronomy. He introduced the principle of the Heliocentric universe.

In other words, he presented the idea that the Earth revolves around the Sun. And, due to this idea, it created a controversy as many people believed that the Sun revolves around the Earth.

Isaac Newton: (1642 - 1727)

Sir Isaac Newton was an English Mathematician, studied at the Cambridge University. He figured out the idea of gravity when he escaped to Lincolnshire to survive the plague.

Later, he discovered how the seven colors of the rainbow are formed. Furthermore, he published a book named Principia Mathematica when he proposed the laws of motion.

Charles Darwin statue at Natural History Museum
Charles Darwin @ Natural History Museum

Charles Darwin: (1809 - 1882)

Charles Darwin was a naturalist and environmentalist who proposed the theory of evolution. He went on a world trip on HMS Beagle in 1831; he observed different species on this trip. 

Later, he implemented those ideas into the theories of evolution. And these theories were published in the book called On the Origin of Species.

Daniel Fahrenheit: (1686-1736)

Daniel Fahrenheit was a German physicist. He is renowned for his inventions.

One of his inventions was the temperature scale which is now famous as the Fahrenheit scale. Here the freezing point is 32 degrees Fahrenheit, and the boiling point is 212 degrees Fahrenheit.

He also invented the thermometer, which used mercury. It was an improvement other than the other models, which primarily used alcohol.

Antoine Lavoisier: (1743 - 1794)  

Antoine Lavoisier is one of the most outstanding chemists who worked during the French Revolution.

He proposed methods regarding the procedures involved in conducting chemical experiments, which favored him to show no change in the amount of matter before and after a chemical reaction. 

He contributed to naming gases such as oxygen and hydrogen, proved the importance of oxygen in burning or combustion. He also helped to write the first list of elements and establish a metric system in France.


This article showers the light on the importance of science, what scientists do, and highlighted some of the best scientists in the world. They have contributed so much to further our understanding of the fundamental laws of the world, which remains unexplored in so many aspects.

Science is all about curiosity and the urge to know and understand the world through observation and experimentation. Scientists play a massive role in the advancement of the world. They believe that there’s an explanation for most things around us. 

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