What does an ENT specialist do?

November 5, 2022

A doctor of otolaryngology needs five additional years of training after they graduate from medical school. These specialists are excellent at the medical and surgical management of ear, nose, and throat conditions. In case you are facing any of these conditions, as a patient, your doctor may request you to book an appointment with an otolaryngologist specialist. This is because they are best positioned to help you.

Otorhinolaryngology (otolaryngology) is a medical specialty that aims to diagnose, consult, and treat ear, nose, and neck diseases and other head-related disorders. These specialist doctors have been around since 1896.

Besides being medical doctors, otolaryngologists are surgeons who can work on special conditions affecting the delicate tissues of the ears, nose, and throat. It is worthwhile to note that, because of their specialty, most patients refer to them as ENT providers.

Be that as it may, when you are suffering from a chronic ear infection or your child has some hearing issue, then you need ENT care. Continue reading to learn more about what an ENT specialist treats.

What do these specialists do?

ENT specialists treat a vast range of health problems related to the ear, nose, and throat. Here are some of the most common health problems they treat.

1. Hearing loss

Do you feel like your voices are too soft, or the sound of your devices is too low? It’s time to see an ENT provider. Although hearing loss is an everyday occurrence with aging, sudden loss of hearing is a sign of a severe ear problem. It might be wise to seek an ENT specialist to learn more about your condition.

These specialist doctors will ensure that any situation in your ear that makes you lose your hearing ability is diagnosed and treated. If your current state requires you to get hearing aids, your ENT will send you to an audiologist's lab to get fitted with these gadgets.

2. Tonsilitis

Chronic sore throat is an infection of the tonsils. This inflammation results in difficulty swallowing, a sore throat, and tender lymph nodes on the sides of your neck. When you encounter such a condition, it is helpful to know that appropriate treatment for tonsilitis will depend on the cause. That is why we advise seeking an accurate and prompt diagnosis from an ENT provider. If the treatment is ineffective and the tonsils keep recurring, you might be able to undergo surgery to remove them.

3. Vertigo

When you are ill with vertigo, the condition is more of a symptom that gives you a sensation that the world within you is spinning. The illness can cause you to lose your balance when carrying out your daily tasks. People, it is barely noticeable.

The cause of vertigo is when calcium crystals get dislodged from their usual position. This condition happens when you bend over, roll in bed, or look up. An ENT specialist will help develop your ideal treatment plan to stabilize your foot and ease the prevailing symptoms.

4. Chronic stuffy nose

A chronic stuffy nose is commonly known as sinusitis. It occurs when your sinus or sinuses are swollen and inflamed. That interferes with how your mucus drains, leaving your nose clogged with slime. As a result, you will find it difficult to breathe through the nose, and a discharge of discolored mucus will come from your nose. If your sinusitis does not respond to the treatment options offered by an ENT provider, the condition is called chronic sinusitis.

The most common causes of chronic sinusitis include allergies, frequent respiratory infections, nasal polyps, or a deviated nasal septum. When you visit an ENT specialist, be ready for the most effective treatment options for your condition. The specialist may use medications such as antibiotics or surgery to help you heal or ease your pain.

5. Chronic ear infection

This infection typically affects the air-filled space behind the eardrum. The condition is more prevalent in kids below the age of two years due to the size and shape of their Eustachian tubes and middle ears. Ear infections can be caused by other diseases that cause congestion and swelling, such as allergies, colds, and the flu. The condition is painful and causes fever, loss of balance, and headaches.

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